Contact: Latoya Veal, 202-628-8669, ext. 116
The National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare Foundation, the National Organization for Women Foundation and the Institute for Women's Policy Research briefed congressional staff today on their research examining the challenges facing elderly women and their families in the U.S. Their report, "Breaking the Social Security Glass Ceiling: A Proposal to Modernize Women's Benefits," also proposes initiatives to ensure Social Security benefits are adequate for all Americans, particularly for women and women of color.
"Our proposals are designed to modernize the Social Security system and recognize particularly the changes that have occurred in women's lives and in family life, so that women will be rewarded more fairly for the full value of the work they do, both in the labor market and in raising the next generation. We can strengthen the Social Security system to address the gender gap in retirement that reveals many more older women in poverty than older men, while still addressing the financial needs of the program." Dr. Heidi Hartmann, Institute for Women's Policy Research President
"If implemented, the recommendations we make in 'Breaking the Social Security Glass Ceiling' will go a long way toward creating a retirement and disability insurance program that recognizes the new reality of working women and men, and values women's role in society as both breadwinners and primary caregivers. Crediting women's years out of the paid labor force is a long overdue feature that NOW strongly supports and urges lawmakers to support as well." Terry O'Neill, NOW Foundation President
Here are just some of the recommendations in this groundbreaking report:
- Improving Survivor Benefits. Women living alone often are forced into poverty because of benefit reductions stemming from the death of a spouse. Providing a widow or widower with 75 percent of the couple's combined benefit treats one-earner and two-earner couples more fairly and reduces the likelihood of leaving the survivor in poverty.
- Providing Social Security Credits for Caregivers. We recommend imputed earnings for up to five family service years be granted to workers who leave or reduce their participation in the work force to provide care to children under the age of six or to elderly family members.
- Equal Benefits for Same-Sex Married Couples and Partners. Gay and lesbian same-sex couples, whether married or not, are denied a host of state and federal benefits that are routinely provided to heterosexual married couples. Social Security benefits should not be denied to qualified retirees because of their sexual orientation.
- Restoring Student Benefits. When a working parent has died, become disabled or retired, Social Security pays benefits to children until age 18, or 19 if they are still attending high school. In the past, those benefits continued until age 22 if the child was a full-time student in college or a vocational school. Congress ended post-secondary students' benefits in 1981, which has disproportionately hurt children of parents in blue-collar jobs, African Americans, and lower income students.
While some suggest we can't afford to provide even current level benefits to America's retirees, people with disabilities and their families, we disagree. In fact, we believe our nation can't afford not to provide fair and adequate benefits for future generations of working Americans. A number of funding options are included in this research, including:
- Eliminate the cap on Social Security payroll contributions.
- Slowly increase the contribution rate by 1/40th of one percent over 20 years.
- Treat all salary reduction plans like 401Ks.
The full report, "Breaking the Social Security Glass Ceiling," is available online (PDF).
You can watch the entire briefing on C-Span »